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Integral geophysical study to characterise archaeological structures in Los Teteles De Ocotitla, Mexico

Pedro López-García, Denisse L. Argote-Espino, Andres Tejero-Andrade, Rene E. Chávez Segura
  • Pedro López-García
    Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Denisse L. Argote-Espino
    Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico City, Mexico | efenfi@gmail.com
  • Andres Tejero-Andrade
    Facultad de Ingenieria and Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Rene E. Chávez Segura
    Facultad de Ingenieria and Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico City, Mexico

Abstract

In archaeology, geophysical methods had been applied usually in a qualitative form, limited only to the use of filters that enhance the data display. The main objective in this work is the implementation of an integral geophysical study complemented by 3D modelling techniques that allowed us to reconstruct the geometry and depth of buried bodies in the archaeological site of Los Teteles de Ocotitla, in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. The distribution and shape of underlying archaeological remains were inferred by geophysical methods and corroborated by archaeological excavations. Highresolution magnetic, ground penetrating radar and electric prospection were carried out in selected terraces. This investigation demonstrates the potential of quantitative geophysical methods for the characterisation of archaeological structures, in extension and depth.

Keywords

GPR, 3D magnetic modelling, electric tomography, Tlaxcala, Mexico

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Submitted: 2014-01-13 10:42:39
Published: 2014-02-12 10:56:15
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