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Role of microRNAs in solid tumors

Rie Hamano, Hideshi Ishii, Hiroshi Miyata, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
  • Hideshi Ishii
    Affiliation not present
  • Hiroshi Miyata
    Affiliation not present
  • Yuichiro Doki
    Affiliation not present
  • Masaki Mori
    Affiliation not present

Abstract

Accumulating experimental evidence indicates that microRNAs play important roles in various biological processes, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, metabolism and apoptosis. In addition, several reports concluded that altered expression of specific microRNA genes contributes to the initiation and progression of cancer. Here, we summarize the current knowledge about aberrant expression of various microRNAs in human solid cancers (e.g., lung, breast, and gastric cancers), their target proteins, and the relationship between their expression and response to chemotherapies. We also review the potential for using microRNAs as biomarkers for the diagnosis and cancer therapy. The development of treatment strategies against human solid cancers based on the profile and/or certain features of microRNAs is promising.

Keywords

microRNAs; solid tumors; cancer

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Submitted: 2010-11-16 06:56:49
Published: 2011-04-19 10:45:58
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Copyright (c) 2011 Rie Hamano, Hideshi Ishii, Hiroshi Miyata, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori

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