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Distribution of coliform bacteria in waste water

Dau Lal Bohra, Vikas Modasiya, Chandan Kumar Bahura
  • Dau Lal Bohra
    Microbiological Section, Post Graduate Department of Zoology, Government Dungar College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India | daulalbohara@yahoo.com
  • Vikas Modasiya
    Microbiological Section, Post Graduate Department of Zoology, Government Dungar College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
  • Chandan Kumar Bahura
    Microbiological Section, Post Graduate Department of Zoology, Government Dungar College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Abstract

Biological activity of water can be apparently judged by the colonization of bacteria (microbes). In order to find out the extent of pollution and the relationship between inorganic matters and microbiota, a quantitative and qualitative analysis of bacteria in various types of sewage waters, namely sewage water by the residential colonies (group I), industrial waste water (group II), sewage treatment hub (group III), unorganized collected waste water (group IV) and old residential waste collection center (group V), of Bikaner city (Rajasthan, India) was carried out from February, 2010 to May, 2010. Water samples were taken from surface only owing to low depth and investigated for various abiotic factors (viz. transparency, pH, carbonate, bicarbonate, total alkalinity, total hardness, salinity, chloride, calcium, magnesium, sulphate, nitrate, silica, and inorganic phosphorous) and biotic factors (viz. number and diversity of bacteria). The domestic sewage water causes major water borne diseases basing upon Total Bacterial Count (TBC) and coliform Count (CC). The coliform count in the present study ranged from 2.5 to 5.12 MPN/mL. Comparision of microbial population in sewage water from all different Groups was done and the higher values of TBC and CC were recorded only in Sewage treatement hub (Group III).

Keywords

Swage water, microbial population, TBC & CC, India

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Submitted: 2011-07-27 11:09:36
Published: 2012-02-24 15:35:07
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Copyright (c) 2012 Dau Lal Bohra, Vikas Modasiya, Chandan Kumar Bahura

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