Keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum: unresponsive to oral retinoid and successfully treated with wide local excision.

Main Article Content

Kapildev Das
Nilay Kanti Das *
Vikram Singh Rathore
Sourav Kundu
Sourav Choudhury
Ramesh Chandra Gharami
Pijush Kanti Datta
(*) Corresponding Author:
Nilay Kanti Das | drdasnilay@gmail.com

Abstract

We describe a case of a 65-year-old male presenting with a large plaque with a rolled-out interrupted margin, atrophic center, and island of normal skin over the left arm. It grew peripherally with central healing, and there was a history of recurrence after inadequate excision. Investigations ruled out other clin­ical mimickers; namely, squamous cell carcinoma, lupus vulgaris, botryomycosis, and blastomycosis-like pyoderma. Histopathological sections showed irregularly shaped craters filled with keratin and epithelial pearl but no evidence of granuloma or cellular atypia. Clinico­pathological correlation proved the lesion to be keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum (KCM), a rare variant of keratoacanthoma, which spreads centrifugally, attains a huge size, and never involutes spontaneously. Treatment of KCM has been a problem always and, in our case, systemic retinoid (acitretin for three months) proved ineffective. The patient also had a history of recurrence following surgical intervention previously, necessitating wide excision to achieve complete clearance of tumor cells. Hence, after failure of retinoid therapy, the decision of excision with a 1-centimeter margin was taken and the large defect was closed by a split thickness skin graft. The graft uptake was satisfactory, and the patient is being followed-up presently and shows no signs of recurrence after six months, highlighting wide local excision as a useful treatment option.

Downloads month by month

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biography

Nilay Kanti Das, Department of Dermatology, Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, India

Assistant Professor

Department of Dermatology,

Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata

88, College Street, Kolkata 73

India