The prevalence and determinants of body dysmorphic disorder among young social media users: A cross-sectional study

  • Mohammed Saud Alsaidan | dr.saidan@hotmail.com Internal Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6163-8292
  • Nawaf Saad Altayar Internal Medicine Department, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia.
  • Saqer Habeeb Alshmmari Internal Medicine Department, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7235-4172
  • Meshari Mahud Alshammari Internal Medicine Department, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2364-5242
  • Faisal Turki Alqahtani Internal Medicine Department, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia.
  • Khaled Abdullah Mohajer Department of Dermatology, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh; College of Medicine, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Social media that is heavily used in Saudi Arabia has been linked to a negative impact on body image satisfaction. The objective of the current study was to examine the burden, determinants, and impacts of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) among a community sample of social media users in Saudi Arabia. The Internet-based cross-sectional study was conducted among social media users during January and February 2020. BDD was assessed using a validated BDD Questionnaire. A total of 1010 participants were included in the current analysis. A total of 42 (4.2%) met the criteria of BDD, with higher prevalence in younger participants. The defects of high concerns were skin disfigurements (64.2%) and hair issues (42.3%). BDD was significantly associated with spending a longer time on Snapchat and Instagram and less interest in religious topics. BDD group was more likely to compare their appearance with famous people in social media. BDD group reported more harassment and more history of psychiatric problems. There is a need to educate the public about the risk of BDD and to promote safe social networking.

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Published
2020-12-22
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Keywords:
Body dysmorphic disorder, body image, social media, psychiatry, dermatology
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How to Cite
Alsaidan, M. S., Altayar, N. S., Alshmmari, S. H., Alshammari , M. M., Alqahtani , F. T., & Mohajer, K. A. (2020). The prevalence and determinants of body dysmorphic disorder among young social media users: A cross-sectional study. Dermatology Reports, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/dr.2020.8774