Co-expression of CD34 and h-caldesmon in a benign meningioma-like dermal neoplasm, a case report
Meningioma-like dermal tumor with diffuse coexpression of CD34 and hcaldesmon is rarely reported. Herein, we report a case of a 58-years-old woman who complained of a solitary dome-shaped papule on the left hand. An ellipse of skin measuring 1 x 0.5 x 0.5 cm was excised and sent for histopathological evaluation. Upon sectioning, the specimen showed a whitish firm dermal nodule measuring 3 mm in its greatest dimension. Microscopic examination revealed a well-circumscribed barely encapsulated dermal lesion showing compact round whorled sheets formed of round to ovoid uniform cells with abundant pink cytoplasm. Occasional intranuclear vacuoles were seen. A minor capillary-sized vascular component was seen in the background. Immunohistochemical (IHC) study revealed a diffuse positivity of tumor cells to CD34 and h-caldesmon along with faint reaction to Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA) and ER. However, Desmin, S100, HMB45, EMA, Pan Cytokeratin, and Chromogranin were all negative. Ki67 was very low (1%). The main differential diagnoses of the current lesion are meningioma and glomus family tumors. While the current lesion is morphologically reminiscent of cutaneous meningioma; neither the location nor the IHC stains support that diagnosis. The glomus family is highly suggestive. However, the location, the compact nature of the proliferation, and the positivity of CD34, all are unusual in such entities.
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