Narrowband UVB-induced lichen planus pemphigoides

  • Wai Man Mandy Chan | chanmandy@gmail.com National Skin Centre, Singapore, Singapore.
  • Joyce Siong See Lee National Skin Centre, Singapore.
  • Colin Seng Thiam Theng National Skin Centre, Singapore.
  • Sze Hon Chua National Skin Centre, Singapore.
  • Hazel Hwee Boon Oon National Skin Centre, Singapore.

Abstract

Lichen planus pemphigoides (LPP) is an autoimmune disease characterised by evolution of subepidermal blisters on normal and lichen planus affected skin. We describe a case of LPP in a 54-year-old Chinese woman. The patient presented with psoriasiform plaques and was diagnosed with guttate psoriasis. Narrowband ultraviolet B (NBUVB) therapy was commenced, and she experienced a generalised eruption of violaceous papules, bullae over the lower limbs, and Wickham’s striae over the buccal mucosa. Histology from a plaque revealed interface dermatitis, while a specimen from a blister showed subepidermal bulla. Direct immunofluorescence showed linear deposition of IgG and C3 along the basement membrane. A diagnosis of LPP was made on clinicopathological grounds. This is the first case report of NBUVB alone in unmasking LPP. In this case report, we describe the pathological mechanism of NBUVB in the development of LPP and key features distinguishing LPP from bullous lupus erythematosus, bullous lichen planus, bullous pemphigoid, and psoriasis.

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Published
2011-10-25
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Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
bullous pemphigoid, lichen planus pemphigoides, lichen planus, narrowband UVB, psoriasis
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How to Cite
Chan, W. M. M., Lee, J. S. S., Theng, C. S. T., Chua, S. H., & Oon, H. H. B. (2011). Narrowband UVB-induced lichen planus pemphigoides. Dermatology Reports, 3(3), e43. https://doi.org/10.4081/dr.2011.e43