Current management of intramural duodenal hematoma in alcohol induced pancreatitis
AbstractIntramural duodenal hematomas (IDH) have been rarely associated with pancreatic diseases. Conservative treatment is recommended, but course of disease can be life threatening, serious complications may occur (i.e. duodenal perforation) with imperative surgery. The management of diagnostic and treatment in IDH has improved over the years. Computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasound are excellent tools for diagnosis and follow up of IDH. We report a case of a 31-year-old alcoholic who presented with vomiting, exsiccosis, hypochondriac pain and positive shock index. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed gastric outlet obstruction caused by obliterating tumor of bulbus duodeni. Initial suspicion was malign tumor of the duodenum confirmed by native CT and histology. Further diagnostic using EUS-guided aspirate resulted in IDH. By conservative management with nasogastric decompression and digestive rest the patient recovered. In course of disease the hematoma got smaller, but parts were still seen in CT 6 month later.
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