Assessment of serum level cholinesterase as a biomarker of liver cirrhosis in Egyptian cirrhotic patients

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Mona A. Amin *
Marwa E. El-Shahat
Nouman El-Garem
Ahmed Soliman
Eman Obaia
(*) Corresponding Author:
Mona A. Amin | monasleman@hotmail.com

Abstract

Serum cholinesterase levels are closely correlated with the severity of liver disease. The aim of the paper was to assess the value of serum cholinesterase in evaluating liver reserve function in cirrhotic patients. 90 patients with liver cirrhosis and thirty healthy control group were included. Liver cirrhosis patients were classified according to child score into three equal groups: Child A liver cirrhosis, Child B liver cirrhosis and Child C liver cirrhosis. Patients were subjected to clinical evaluation, laboratory analysis, abdominal U/S. Measuring serum cholinesterase, and Calculation of both Child and model of end stage liver disease (MELD) scores. The level of serum cholinesterase was higher in control group than the three groups of liver cirrhosis with median (IQR) 17,410 (12,111-21,774), 7528 (5200-9856), 6021 (4500-7542), 3828.5 (1541-6060), respectively P<0.001). And the level of serum cholinesterase was higher in Child A more than Child B and Child C and the level of serum cholinesterase was higher in Child B more than Child C with very strong negative correlation between serum Cholinesterase level and Child score (r=-0.9, P<0.001). Also strong negative correlation between serum Cholinesterase level and MELD score (r=- 0.85, P=0.001), and positive correlation with prothrombin concentration (r=0.554, P=0.009), and serum albumin levels (r=0.582, P=0.0002). Serum cholinesterase is a good biomarker of cirrhosis. Since it distinguishes decompensated from compensated cirrhosis well, low levels in cirrhosis may serve as a useful prognostic marker of advanced liver disease.

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