Irritable Bowel Syndrome: assessment of prevalence and risk factors in Saudi University students using Rome IV Criteria

  • Ramzi Mohammed Hakami | ramzi@xd.ae MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Erwa Elmakki Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Taha Hasanain Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Awatef Alnami MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alhussen Khawaji MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Layla Ali MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohannad Tobaigy MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Alaa Allayl MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Ibrahim Faqihi Medical Student, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Meshal Bajoned MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Raofah Hakami MBBS, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammed Hakami Medical Intern, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and its associated factors among University students in Saudi Arabia, as little is known about this issue in our country. This cross-sectional study was conducted between 13 March and 21 May of the Academic Year 2017-2018 at Jazan University, Saudi Arabia, involving a random sample of 890 students, selected using the stratified multistage method. IBS prevalence was determined using the Rome IV diagnostic Criteria. The overall prevalence of IBS was 8.8%. According to the results of the multivariate logistic regression, the most important independent predictors of IBS were being a student in a medical college (OR = 10.42; 95%CI: 3.45-31.51) and a scientific college (OR = 5.16; 95%CI: 1.64-16.22), cigarettes smoking (OR = 2.74; 95%CI: 1.24-6.07), emotional stress (OR = 2.53; 95%CI: 1.28-5.00), and food intolerance (OR = 2.15; 95%CI: 1.11-4.16). The present study revealed a prevalence rate of 8.8%. The main predictors of IBS were being a medical student, a scientific college student, cigarette smoker, and having emotional stress and food intolerance. No significant association was found between IBS and anxiety and depression.

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Published
2019-12-11
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Keywords:
Rome IV criteria, IBS, risk factors, Saudi Arabia
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How to Cite
Hakami, R. M., Elmakki, E., Hasanain, T., Alnami, A., Khawaji, A., Ali, L., Tobaigy, M., Allayl, A., Faqihi, I., Bajoned, M., Hakami, R., & Hakami, M. (2019). Irritable Bowel Syndrome: assessment of prevalence and risk factors in Saudi University students using Rome IV Criteria. Gastroenterology Insights, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/gi.2019.8239