Dasatinib-induced hemorrhagic colitis complicated with cytomegalovirus infection
AbstractA 69-year-old man with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia was initially treated with 100 mg dasatinib once a day. Despite a major molecular response within 9 months, he developed hemorrhagic colitis 32 months after starting dasatinib. Colonoscopy identified multiple hemorrhagic ulcers in the transverse colon. The pathological findings indicated cytomegalovirus infection. Dasatinib was stopped and he was started on ganciclovir. Three months later, colonoscopy confirmed the disappearance of the hemorrhagic ulcers. Dasatinib is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia. As a multi-kinase inhibitor that acts on SRC-family kinases, its broader off-target kinase-inhibitory activity may account for the adverse events of dasatinib. Although gastrointestinal bleeding is common in patients taking dasatinib, the combination of cytomegalovirus infection and hemorrhagic colitis in the absence of systemic immunodeficiency is rare. Based on this case of dasatinibinduced hemorrhagic colitis with cytomegalovirus infection, we describe a possible mechanism and effective treatment.
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Copyright (c) 2017 Aya Nakaya, Yoshiko Azuma, Shinya Fujita, Atsushi Satake, Takahisa Nakanishi, Masaaki Hotta, Akiko Konishi, Yukie Tsubokura, Hideaki Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi Ishii, Tomoki Ito, Shosaku Nomura
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