Gender inequities in sexually transmitted infections: implications for HIV infection and control in Lagos State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Ezekiel Oluwagbemiga Adeyemi *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Ezekiel Oluwagbemiga Adeyemi | gbemibola@gmail.com

Abstract

Beyond the statistics of sex-based differences in infection rates, there are profound differences in the underlying causes and consequences of HIV infections in male and female which need to be examined. The study therefore examines; the gender differences in the STI knowledge and gender-related potential risks of HIV heterosexual transmission. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected. A multi-stage random sampling procedure was employed in administration of 1358 questionnaires. For qualitative data, four focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted to collect information from stakeholders within the study population, while In-depth interview was employed to collect information from 188 people living with HIV/AIDS through support groups in the State. The data collected were subjected to basic demographic analytical techniques. Combination of univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis were employed. Information from focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were transcribed and organized under broad headings that depict different aspects of the discussions. Majority of the respondents interviewed did not inform their partners about their infection in the study area. It was also discovered that stigmatization did not allow some women to disclose their status to their sexual partners. Some of the HIV-positive patients interviewed agreed that they did not attend the health facilities to treat the STI’s before they were finally confirmed positive. The study hypothesis revealed that communication between partners about STI’s was associated with an increase in risk reduction behaviour. The paper concluded that there is need for more information and education on communication about STI’s between the sexual partners; to reduce the spread of sexually transmitted diseases within the nation.

Downloads month by month

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biography

Ezekiel Oluwagbemiga Adeyemi, LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY,OJO LAGOS NIGERIA

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY

LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY,OJO LAGOS NIGERIA LECTURER I