First detection of human dirofilariasis in South Africa

  • Krishnee Moodley | krishnee.moodley@lancet.co.za Lancet Laboratories, Durban; School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Nata, South Africa.
  • Chetna N. Govind Lancet Laboratories, Durban; School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Nata, South Africa.
  • Abdool K.C. Peer Lancet Laboratories, Durban; School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Nata, South Africa.
  • Marissa van der Westhuizen Medical Practitioner, Durban, South Africa.
  • Dharmesh Parbhoo School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Medical Practitioner, Durban, South Africa.
  • Lisa Ming Sun National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Desiree C. du Plessis National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • John A. Frean National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg; Wits Research Institute for Malaria, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Abstract

Humans are occasionally inadvertently infected with dirofilariae, the zoonotic nematodes. We report two cases of human dirofilariasis in South Africa, an area apparently non-endemic for this infection. Dirofilariasis is frequently misdiagnosed, so increased awareness of this entity in areas that are non-endemic is essential for prevention of inappropriate investigations and invasive therapy.

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Published
2015-03-03
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Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Dirofilaria repens, zoonotic filariasis, ocular dirofilariasis, South Africa
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How to Cite
Moodley, K., Govind, C., Peer, A., van der Westhuizen, M., Parbhoo, D., Sun, L., du Plessis, D., & Frean, J. (2015). First detection of human dirofilariasis in South Africa. Infectious Disease Reports, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/idr.2015.5726