First detection of human dirofilariasis in South Africa

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Krishnee Moodley *
Chetna N. Govind
Abdool K.C. Peer
Marissa van der Westhuizen
Dharmesh Parbhoo
Lisa Ming Sun
Desiree C. du Plessis
John A. Frean
(*) Corresponding Author:
Krishnee Moodley | krishnee.moodley@lancet.co.za

Abstract

Humans are occasionally inadvertently infected with dirofilariae, the zoonotic nematodes. We report two cases of human dirofilariasis in South Africa, an area apparently non-endemic for this infection. Dirofilariasis is frequently misdiagnosed, so increased awareness of this entity in areas that are non-endemic is essential for prevention of inappropriate investigations and invasive therapy.

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