Impact of Helicobacter pylori resistance in unsuccessfully pluritreated patients in a Department of Infectious Diseases in Rome

  • Maria Teresa Mascellino | mariateresa.mascellino@uniroma1.it La Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
  • Barbara Porowska Department of Gastroenterology, Policlinico Umberto I, viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, ROME, Italy.
  • Rosa Nicosia
  • Alessandra Oliva Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Policlinico Umberto I, viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, ROME, Italy.
  • Priscilla Boccia Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Italy.
  • Carola Severi Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Italy.

Abstract

Twenty-five pluritreated patients were examined. Fifty-six percent yielded Helicobacter pylori (H. Pilory); of these, 9 patients showed a concomitant colonization of the three gastric regions. The highest resistance rate was found for metronidazole (71.8%) followed by chlaritromycin (53.1%). Amoxycillin showed the best susceptibility (only 6% of resistance), tetracycline showed 12% of resistant strains and levofloxacin appeared to be a promising antibacterial agent (18% of resistance). The E-test method was shown to be more suitable than disk diffusion technique for resistance testing. Combined resistance to both chlaritromycin and metronidazole appeared in 50% of the strains. The isolates showing this dual resistance are known to be difficult to eradicate. Resistotypes were shown to be genotypically different even if the strains with the resistance to both chlaritromycin and metronidazole are more likely to belong to genotype cagA+ and vacA s1m1. Heteroresistance (different susceptibility of the isolated strains in a single stomach) resulted in 36% of patients with pangastritis. Indeed, the concomitant presence of H. pylori strains in the same subject, either susceptible or resistant or vice versa, may interfere with the eradication outcomes. In our study, antibiotic resistant H. pylori typically develops from pre-existing susceptible strains rather than from co-infection with a different and unrelated strain. In fact, each pair of isolates detected in our 4 patients with heteroresistance belonged to the same genotype (cagA+ s1m2 in patient 1 and cagA+ s1m1 in patients 2, 3 and 4). In conclusion, H. pylori antibiotic resistance does present several issues in pluritreated patients owing to the rapid emergence of multi-resistant strains.

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Author Biography

Maria Teresa Mascellino, La Sapienza University of Rome
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, La Sapienza University of Rome
Published
2010-08-05
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Keywords:
Helicobacter pylori, Susceptibility testing, Heteroresistance
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How to Cite
Mascellino, M. T., Porowska, B., Nicosia, R., Oliva, A., Boccia, P., & Severi, C. (2010). Impact of Helicobacter pylori resistance in unsuccessfully pluritreated patients in a Department of Infectious Diseases in Rome. Microbiology Research, 1(1), e3. https://doi.org/10.4081/mr.2010.e3