Comparison between molecular methods (PCR vs LAMP) to detect Candida albicans in bronchoalveolar lavage samples of suspected tuberculosis patients

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Meysam Goodarzi *
Mohammad Hassan Shahhosseiny
Mansour Bayat
Seyed Jamal Hashemi
Mohammad Ghahri
(*) Corresponding Author:
Meysam Goodarzi | goodarzi2929@yahoo.com

Abstract

With the increase of patients suffering from immune deficiency infections also increased pulmonary fungi even in people with defective immune system can cause fatal and lethal candidiasis. The timely diagnosis of pulmonary candidiasis is one of the problems that has been detected. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test and Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method optimized on the basis of α INT1 gene and then sensitivity and specificity were evaluated. LAMP is a novel nucleic acid amplification technique with high specificity and sensitivity which has been done under isothermal condition. Samples were the bronchoalveolar lavage suspected of tuberculosis (TB) reviews for TB disease negative have been reported. DNA extraction carried out by standard phenol/chloroform method on samples and PCR test and LAMP was done. PCR and LAMP testing was performed on samples and products of 441 bp were amplified and observed with agarose gel electrophoresis. At the end of the LAMP reaction, SYBR Green was used for identifying negative and positive results. Among the 60 quantities sera, only 7 cases were PCR positive but 8 cases were LAMP positive. In comparison, between LAMP and PCR, the LAMP technique in spite of its simplicity, high sensitivity and specificity, could be an appropriate replacement for PCR.

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