Similar effects of two modified constraint-induced therapy protocols on motor impairment, motor function and quality of life in patients with chronic stroke

  • Wilma Costa Souza Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rehabilitation Center of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Adriana B. Conforto Neurostimulation Laboratory, Hospital das Clínicas/São Paulo University, Brazil.
  • Marco Orsini | orsinimarco@hotmail.com Neurology Department, Centro Universitário Augusto Mottta, UNISUAM, Bonsucesso, Brazil.
  • Annette Stern School of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom.
  • Charles André Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

Modified constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) protocols show motor function and real-world arm use improvement. Meanwhile it usually requires constant supervision by physiotherapists and is therefore more expensive than customary care. This study compared the preliminary efficacy of two modified CIMT protocols. A two-group randomized controlled trial with pre and post treatment measures and six months follow-up was conducted. Nineteen patients with chronic stroke received 10 treatment sessions distributed three to four times a week over 22 days. CIMT3h_direct group received 3 hours of CIMT supervised by a therapist (n=10) while CIMT1.5h_direct group had 1.5 hours of supervised CIMT+1.5 hours home exercises supervised by a caregiver (n=9). Outcome measures were the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, the Motor Activity Log, and the Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale. The modified CIMT protocols were feasible and well tolerated. Improvements in motor function, real-world arm use and quality of life did not differ significantly between treated groups receiving either 3 or 1.5 hours mCIMT supervised by a therapist.

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Published
2015-03-26
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Keywords:
modified constraint-induced therapy, motor impairment and function, quality of life, stroke
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How to Cite
Souza, W. C., Conforto, A. B., Orsini, M., Stern, A., & AndréC. (2015). Similar effects of two modified constraint-induced therapy protocols on motor impairment, motor function and quality of life in patients with chronic stroke. Neurology International, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ni.2015.5430