Motor imagery and its effect on complex regional pain syndrome: an integrative review
AbstractThe motor imagery (MI) has been proposed as a treatment in the complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS-1), since it seems to promote a brain reorganization effect on sensory- motor areas of pain perception. The aim of this paper is to investigate, through an integrative critical review, the influence of MI on the CRPS-1, correlating their evidence to clinical practice. Research in PEDro, Medline, Bireme and Google Scholar databases was conducted. Nine randomized controlled trials (level 2), 1 non-controlled clinical study (level 3), 1 case study (level 4), 1 systematic review (level 1), 2 review articles and 1 comment (level 5) were found. We can conclude that MI has shown effect in reducing pain and functionality that remains after 6 months of treatment. However, the difference between the MI strategies for CRPS-1 is unknown as well as the intensity of mental stress influences the painful response or effect of MI or other peripheral neuropathies.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Nélio Silva de Souza, Ana Carolina Gomes Martins, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos, Marco Orsini, Marco Antônio A. Leite, Silmar Teixeira, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Juliana Bittencourt, André Palma da Cunha Matta, Pedro Moreira Filho
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