Motor imagery and its effect on complex regional pain syndrome: an integrative review

  • Nélio Silva de Souza University Center Serra dos Órgãos, Teresópolis; Science of Rehabilitation, Centro Universitário Augusto Motta, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Ana Carolina Gomes Martins University Center Serra dos Órgãos, Teresópolis; Integrated Health of Women and Children, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos Science of Rehabilitation, Centro Universitário Augusto Motta, Rio de Janeiro; Department of Neurology, Antônio Pedro University Hospital, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói; Biomedical Sciences stricto sensu, Federal University of Piauí, Brazil.
  • Marco Orsini | orsinimarco@hotmail.com Science of Rehabilitation, Centro Universitário Augusto Motta, Rio de Janeiro; Severino Sombra University Center, Medicine Department, Vassouras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Marco Antônio A. Leite Fluminense Federal University Medical School, Niterói; Movement Disorders Unit, Antônio Pedro University Hospital, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Silmar Teixeira Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory; Brain Mapping and Functionality Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba; Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Bruna Velasques Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Institute of Applied Neuroscience, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Pedro Ribeiro Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Institute of Applied Neuroscience, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Juliana Bittencourt Brain Mapping and Sensory Motor Integration, Institute of Psychiatry of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • André Palma da Cunha Matta Department of Neurology, Antônio Pedro University Hospital, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Pedro Moreira Filho Department of Neurology, Antônio Pedro University Hospital, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil.

Abstract

The motor imagery (MI) has been proposed as a treatment in the complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS-1), since it seems to promote a brain reorganization effect on sensory- motor areas of pain perception. The aim of this paper is to investigate, through an integrative critical review, the influence of MI on the CRPS-1, correlating their evidence to clinical practice. Research in PEDro, Medline, Bireme and Google Scholar databases was conducted. Nine randomized controlled trials (level 2), 1 non-controlled clinical study (level 3), 1 case study (level 4), 1 systematic review (level 1), 2 review articles and 1 comment (level 5) were found. We can conclude that MI has shown effect in reducing pain and functionality that remains after 6 months of treatment. However, the difference between the MI strategies for CRPS-1 is unknown as well as the intensity of mental stress influences the painful response or effect of MI or other peripheral neuropathies.

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Published
2015-12-31
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Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Motor imagery, complex regional pain syndrome, peripheral neuropathic pain
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How to Cite
de Souza, N. S., Martins, A. C. G., Bastos, V. H. do V., Orsini, M., Leite, M. A. A., Teixeira, S., Velasques, B., Ribeiro, P., Bittencourt, J., Matta, A. P. da C., & Filho, P. M. (2015). Motor imagery and its effect on complex regional pain syndrome: an integrative review. Neurology International, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/ni.2015.5962

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