Neuroplasticity in visual impairments

  • Paulo Ramiler Silva Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Tiago Farias Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Fernando Cascio Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Levi dos Santos Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Vinícius Peixoto Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Eric Crespo Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Carla Ayres Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Marcos Ayres Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Victor Marinho | victormarinhophb@hotmail.com Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Victor Hugo Bastos The Northeast Biotechnology Network, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina; Brain Mapping and Functionality Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Pedro Ribeiro 4Brain Mapping and Sensory- Motor Integration Laboratory, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Bruna Velasques Brain Mapping and Sensory- Motor Integration Laboratory, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Marco Orsini Master’s Program in Local Development Program, University Center Augusto Motta - UNISUAM, Rio de Janeiro; Master’s Program in Health Sciences Applied - Vassouras University, Rio de Janeiro; CASF- Ramon Pereira de Freitas - Department of Neurology, Brazil.
  • Rossano Fiorelli Master’s Program in Health Sciences Applied - Vassouras University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Marcos R.G. de Freitas Department of Neurology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Silmar Teixeira Neuro-innovation Technology and Brain Mapping Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.

Abstract

The visual acuity loss enables the brain to access new pathways in the quest to overcome the visual limitation and this is wellknown as neuroplasticity which have mechanisms to cortical reorganization. In this review, we related the evidences about the neuroplasticity as well as cortical anatomical differences and functional repercussions in visual impairments. We performed a systematic review of PUBMED database, without date or status publication restrictions. The findings demonstrate that the visual impairment produce a compensatory sensorial effect, in which non-visual areas are related to both cross (visual congenital) and multimodal (late blind) neuroplasticity.

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Published
2018-12-19
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Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Neuroplasticity, vision, central nervous system, visual impairments
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How to Cite
Silva, P. R., Farias, T., Cascio, F., dos Santos, L., Peixoto, V., Crespo, E., Ayres, C., Ayres, M., Marinho, V., Bastos, V. H., Ribeiro, P., Velasques, B., Orsini, M., Fiorelli, R., de Freitas, M. R., & Teixeira, S. (2018). Neuroplasticity in visual impairments. Neurology International, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/ni.2018.7326