Assessment of acetabulum anteversion aligned with the transverse acetabulum ligament: cadaveric study using image-free navigation system
AbstractThe transverse acetabulum ligament (TAL) has been used as an intraoperative anatomical landmark to position the acetabulum cup in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the validity of the use of TAL has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to examine the orientation of the cup component aligned with the TAL in cadaveric study. The 31 hips in 25 whole-body embalmed cadavers were examined. The donors were 12 men and 13 women. Simulated THA procedure using image-free navigation system was performed and a trial cup with a diameter of approximately 2 mm less than the size of the acetabulum were inserted and snugly fitted on the TAL through the posterior wall of acetabulum. The orientation of the cup component was measured using an image-free THA navigation system. The measured radiographic anteversion and inclination angles averaged 18.2±7.2° (range: 2.0-33.2°) and 43.5±4.2° (range: 33.1-51.0°) respectively. Based on the Lewinnek’s safe zone criteria, 26 hips (80.6%) were judged to be within the. Moreover, in the analysis of the gender difference of TAL angles, the average anteversion angle was shown to be significant larger in female than male population. The TAL can be effectively used an intraoperative landmark to align the acetabulum component helping reduce the risk of dislocation after surgery. In the intraoperative judgment, a gender difference in the alignment of the TAL should be taken into consideration.
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Copyright (c) 2013 Tomokazu Fukui, Shigeo Fukunishi, Shoji Nishio, Yuki Fujihara, Shohei Okahisa, Shinichi Yoshiya
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