3D printing in shoulder surgery

  • Vincenzo Campana | dr.vincenzocampana@gmail.com Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Valentina Cardona Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Valeria Vismara Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Andrea Stefano Monteleone Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Piero Piazza Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Piermarco Messinese Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Fabrizio Mocini Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Giuseppe Sircana Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Giulio Maccauro Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.
  • Maristella Francesca Saccomanno Orthopedic Institute, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCSS, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a novel modality with the potential to make a huge impact in the surgical field. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview on the current use of 3D printing in shoulder surgery. We have reviewed the use of this new method in 3 fields of shoulder surgery: shoulder arthroplasty, recurrent shoulder instability and orthopedic shoulder traumatology. In shoulder arthroplasty, several authors have shown that the use of the 3D printer improves the positioning of the glenoid component, even if longer clinical follow-up is needed to determine whether the cost of this system rationalizes the potential improved functional outcomes and decreases glenoid revision rates. In the treatment of anterior shoulder instability, the literature agrees on the fact that the use of the 3D printing can: enhance the dept and size of bony lesions, allowing a patient tailored surgical planning and potentially reducing operative times; allow the production of personalized implants to restore substantial bone loss; restore glenohumeral morphology and instability. In orthopedic trauma, the use of 3D printing can be helpful to increase the understanding of fracture patterns, facilitating a more personalized planning, and can be used for resident training and education. We can conclude the current literature regarding the use of 3D printed models in orthopedic surgery agrees finding objective improvements to preoperative planning and to the surgical procedure itself, by shortening the intraoperative time and by the possibility to develop custom-made, patient-specific surgical instruments, and it suggests that there are tangible benefits for its implementation.

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Published
2020-06-26
Keywords:
3D Printing, Arthroplasty, Shoulder Instability, Trauma surgery, Patient-specific instrumentation.
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  • PDF: 29
How to Cite
Campana, V., Cardona, V., Vismara, V., Monteleone, A. S., Piazza, P., Messinese, P., Mocini, F., Sircana, G., Maccauro, G., & Saccomanno, M. F. (2020). 3D printing in shoulder surgery. Orthopedic Reviews, 12(1s). https://doi.org/10.4081/or.2020.8681