Proteomic analysis of the pulvinus, a heliotropic tissue, in Glycine max

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Hakme Lee
Wesley M. Garrett
Joseph Sullivan
Irwin Forseth
Savithiry S. Natarajan *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Savithiry S. Natarajan | savi.natarajan@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

Certain plant species respond to light, dark, and other environmental factors by leaf movement. Leguminous plants both track and avoid the sun through turgor changes of the pulvinus tissue at the base of leaves. Mechanisms leading to pulvinar turgor flux, particularly knowledge of the proteins involved, are not well-known. In this study we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-tandom mass spectrometry to separate and identify the proteins located in the soybean pulvinus. A total of 183 spots were separated and 195 proteins from 165 spots were identified and functionally analyzed using single enrichment analysis for gene ontology terms. The most significant terms were related to proton transport. Comparison with guard cell proteomes revealed similar significant processes but a greater number of pulvinus proteins are required for comparable analysis. To our knowledge, this is a novel report on the analysis of proteins found in soybean pulvinus. These findings provide a better understanding of the proteins required for turgor change in the pulvinus.

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