Chlamydia pneumoniae infection-associated erythema multiforme

  • Shinsaku Imashuku | shinim95@mbox.kyoto-inet.or.jp Division of Pediatrics and Hematology, Takasago-seibu Hospital, Takasago, Japan.
  • Naoko Kudo Division of Pediatrics and Hematology, Takasago-seibu Hospital, Takasago, Japan.

Abstract

There is a well-known correlation between Herpes simplex (HSV) infection and erythema multiforme (EM). More recently, in Japan, it was found that Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) may promote the development of EM. All cases of Cp infection-associated EM that had been diagnosed in our clinic over the past two years (from 2011 to 2012) were analyzed. Cp infection was diagnosed on the basis of a significant increase (>2.00) in anti-Cp IgM titers, as measured by the HITAZYME-ELISA test. There were 7 cases of Cp-EM, one male and 6 females. Median age was 13 years (range 3-29 years). It is recommended that the possible involvement of Cp infection, besides HSV or Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections, should be considered in all cases of EM.

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Published
2013-06-13
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Section
Brief Reports
Keywords:
erythema multiforme, Chlamydia pneumoniae
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How to Cite
Imashuku, S., & Kudo, N. (2013). Chlamydia pneumoniae infection-associated erythema multiforme. Pediatric Reports, 5(2), e9. https://doi.org/10.4081/pr.2013.e9