Prevalence, demographic characteristics and associated risk factors of malnutrition among 0-5 aged children: a cross-sectional study from Van, eastern Turkey

  • Baran Serdar Kizilyildiz | baranserdar@hotmail.com Department of Pediatrics, Private Kiziltepe Ipekyolu Hospital, Mardin, Turkey.
  • Bülent Sönmez Department of Pediatrics, Private Istanbul Hospital, Turkey.
  • Kamuran Karaman Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yil University, Van, Turkey.
  • Burhan Beger Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yil University, Van, Turkey.
  • Adnan Mercen Department of Pediatrics, Private Kiziltepe Ipekyolu Hospital, Mardin, Turkey.
  • Süleyman Alioğlu Department of Pediatrics, Private Kiziltepe Ipekyolu Hospital, Mardin, Turkey.
  • Yaşar Cesur Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yil University, Van, Turkey.

Abstract

Malnutrition in childhood is a dramatic indicator of poor socio-economical status worldwide. To recognize and reveal the socio-demographic features is crucial, especially for developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and association with sociodemographic variables of malnutrition in 0-5 years old children in Van, Turkey. A total of 702 children are included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic features of subject including age, gender, family characteristics and other data were obtained. Nutritional assessment was done using anthropometric indices including weight-for-age, height-for-age, weight-for-height, head circumference and body mass index-for-age. Multivariate logistic regressions were carried out to assess malnutrition- associated factors. Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting were 19.7, 17.7 and 16.2%, respectively. Socio-demographic variables that statistical significantly in association with malnutrition were low monthly family income, educational level and employment status of father, parental consanguinity, number of pregnancies, regular intake of vitamin D and history of prematurity. The prevalence of children with head circumference-z score ≤−2SD and body mass index-for-age ≤−2SD were 9.8 and 16.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis detected following risk factors for these indices; low monthly family income, history of prematurity, unemployed father and the period between pregnancies (1- 2 years). We found that prevalence of malnutrition in the city of Van, was still higher than more developed regions of Turkey. The associated risk factors of malnutrition should be specifically interpreted by health professionals and also by government authorities that are responsible for making practical politics of public health.

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Published
2016-12-09
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Keywords:
Turkey, prevalence, malnutrition, wasting syndrome, thinness
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How to Cite
Kizilyildiz, B. S., Sönmez, B., Karaman, K., Beger, B., Mercen, A., Alioğlu, S., & Cesur, Y. (2016). Prevalence, demographic characteristics and associated risk factors of malnutrition among 0-5 aged children: a cross-sectional study from Van, eastern Turkey. Pediatric Reports, 8(4). https://doi.org/10.4081/pr.2016.6112