Performance of Cobb 500 broiler chicks feed by Chamomile alcoholic extract

  • Yaser Rahimian | yas.rahimiyan.yr@gmail.com Department of Animal Sciences, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Mosa Moeini Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Saeed Moradi Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Yasamin Miri Department of Plant Ecophysyology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Saeed Masoud Davoodi Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahinshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahinshahr, Iran, Islamic Republic of.

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of chamomile alcoholic extract on performance, some blood parameters and intestinal characteristics of broiler chicks. A total 320 one day old Cobb 500 broiler chicks were randomly divided into 4 treatments. Treatments were further divided into 4 replicates. Chicks were fed a basal diet as control group, basal diet with 0.3% chamomile extract (S1), basal diet with 0.5% chamomile extracts (S2) and basal diet with 0.7% chamomile extract (S3). The experiment was carried out of 42 days. Feed intake FI and body weight gain BW was calculated for estimation of feed conversion ratio FCR. At the end of experimental period (42 days), to determine carcass traits and other parameters, 2 birds form each replicate were slaughtered. Additionally, the blood serum samples were subjected to biochemical analysis. For determination intestinal characteristics, small intestine tissues were collected. Data from this study showed that improvement of body weight gain and feed conversion were found in chamomile extract groups (P<0.05). There were significant differences between carcasses traits in treatments feed by chamomile extract. As result reveled from this study serum triglyceride, cholesterol LDL decreased in groups fed by chamomile alcoholic extract and HDL increased significantly (P<0.05) instead. In addition, villus height decreased in S1and S2 groups. An increasing crypt depth was seen on S2. According to these data villus widths, epithelium layer and goblet cells increased by using chamomile extract specially by using S2. In conclusion, we could demonstrate that chamomile alcoholic extract may be used as ingredient in broilers ration without harming effects on carcass characteristics, blood biochemical parameters, and intestinal morphology of Ross 308 broiler chicks.

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Published
2018-08-08
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Blood biochemical, Broilers, Chamomile extract, Performance, Intestinal characteristics
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How to Cite
Rahimian, Y., Moeini, M., Moradi, S., Miri, Y., & Davoodi, S. M. (2018). Performance of Cobb 500 broiler chicks feed by Chamomile alcoholic extract. Veterinary Science Development, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/vsd.2018.7529