DSM-V: major changes and overview on personality disorders with special reference to borderline disorder
The purpose of this article is to describe the amendments made in the new version of DSM (fifth edition) as to understand not only main aspects of certain diseases and/or personality disorders, but also whether or not changes shifted focus to dimensional instead of categorical system or if in some aspects both are considered. Moving forward from a general overview of the handbook, the effective changes will be examined in detail. Attention will also be given to Personality Diseases, taking account of various studies on this subject and the most recent knowledge on “Borderline Disease” from a diagnostic standpoint. Considering the complex construction of such disease, will be firstly illustrated the assumption of first studies so as to cover the most recent clinical and theoretical contributions, together with a brief overview of some treatment approach such as psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral and systemic-relational, principles of medical treatment, a summary on differential diagnosis and a representation of some clinical case as well. The article will be concluded by a brief discussion of future prospects able to provide the clinician with even more effective and safe operational strategies as to lead professionals towards more specific and less misleading assumptions for a better approach in any scope (therapeutic, forensic, etc.) and giving comfort to those who receive support as well. Everyone is a very unique individual, even if similar to others. That is why it is extremely important to clearly identify a disease and ensure an adequate treatment.
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