Time perception mechanisms at central nervous system

  • Rhailana Fontes Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Jéssica Ribeiro Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Daya S. Gupta Department of Biology, Camden County College, Blackwood, NJ, United States.
  • Dionis Machado Laboratory of Brain Mapping and Functionality, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Fernando Lopes-Júnior Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Francisco Magalhães Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Victor Hugo Bastos | victorhugobastos@ufpi.edu.br Laboratory of Brain Mapping and Functionality, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Kaline Rocha Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Victor Marinho Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Gildário Lima Neurophisic Applied Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.
  • Bruna Velasques Brain Mapping and and Sensory-Motor Integration Laboratory, Psychiatry Institute of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Pedro Ribeiro Brain Mapping and and Sensory-Motor Integration Laboratory, Psychiatry Institute of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Marco Orsini Brain Mapping and and Sensory-Motor Integration Laboratory, Psychiatry Institute of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Rehabilitation Science Program, Analysis of Human Movement Laboratory, Augusto Motta University Center, Rio de Janeiro; Neurology Department, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Bruno Pessoa Neurology Department, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Marco Antonio Araujo Leite Neurology Department, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.
  • Silmar Teixeira Brain Mapping and Plasticity Laboratory, Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.

Abstract

The five senses have specific ways to receive environmental information and lead to central nervous system. The perception of time is the sum of stimuli associated with cognitive processes and environmental changes. Thus, the perception of time requires a complex neural mechanism and may be changed by emotional state, level of attention, memory and diseases. Despite this knowledge, the neural mechanisms of time perception are not yet fully understood. The objective is to relate the mechanisms involved the neurofunctional aspects, theories, executive functions and pathologies that contribute the understanding of temporal perception. Articles form 1980 to 2015 were searched by using the key themes: neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, theories, time cells, memory, schizophrenia, depression, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and Parkinson’s disease combined with the term perception of time. We evaluated 158 articles within the inclusion criteria for the purpose of the study. We conclude that research about the holdings of the frontal cortex, parietal, basal ganglia, cerebellum and hippocampus have provided advances in the understanding of the regions related to the perception of time. In neurological and psychiatric disorders, the understanding of time depends on the severity of the diseases and the type of tasks.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2016-04-01
Info
Issue
Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Time perception, time cells, memory, psychiatric diseases
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 2697

  • PDF: 936
  • HTML: 743
How to Cite
Fontes, R., Ribeiro, J., Gupta, D. S., Machado, D., Lopes-Júnior, F., Magalhães, F., Bastos, V. H., Rocha, K., Marinho, V., Lima, G., Velasques, B., Ribeiro, P., Orsini, M., Pessoa, B., Araujo Leite, M. A., & Teixeira, S. (2016). Time perception mechanisms at central nervous system. Neurology International, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ni.2016.5939