Five-year prospective subsidence analysis of 100 cemented polished straight stems: A concise clinical and radiological follow-up observation

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Kevin Madörin
Wolf Siepen
Isabella Manzoni
Karl Kilian Stoffel
Thomas Ilchmann
Martin Clauss *
(*) Corresponding Author:
Martin Clauss | martin.clauss@ksbl.ch

Abstract

Early subsidence (>1.5mm) has been shown to be an indicator for later aseptic loosening of cemented hip stems. For the cemented twinSys® stem we published excellent short-term results at 2 years. Midterm data for this stem are available from national registers (NZL, NL), however in all of these sources, clinical and radiological results are missing. Aim of our study was to analyse mid-term survival and radiological changes around the cemented twinSys®stem with special emphasis on subsidence using EBRA-FCA. We conducted a prospective clinical and radiological 5-year follow-up study of 100 consecutive hybrid total hip arthroplasties (THA) using a polished, cemented collarless straight stem (twinSys®, Mathys AG®Bettlach, Switzerland) with a cementless monobloc pressfit cup (RM pressfit®, Mathys AG® Bettlach, Switzerland). Median age at surgery was 79 (69 to 93) years. No patient was lost to follow-up. Survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Clinical (Harris Hip Score [HHS]) and radiological (cementing quality, alignment, osteolysis, debonding and cortical atrophy) outcomes and an in-depth subsidence analysis using EBRA-FCA were performed. 22 patients died in the course of follow-up unrelated to surgery, 21 stems had an incomplete radiological follow-up. 2 stems were revised, both due to an infection. The survival rate for the stem at 5 years was 98.0% (95% CI 95.3-100%). The survival rate of the stem for revision due to aseptic loosening at 5 years was 100%. The HHS improved from 53 (14-86) points preoperatively to 90 (49-100) points 5 years after surgery. Osteolysis was found in 2 stems without clinical symptoms. In 49 out of 55 patients with a complete radiological follow-up, the EBRA-FCA analysis was possible and showed an average subsidence of 0.66 (95% CI 0.46 to 0.86) mm 5 years after surgery. 10 patients showed a subsidence >1 mm, 5 of which bigger than 1.5 mm. Subsidence was independent from radiological changes and cementing quality. The cemented twinSys® stem showed excellent clinical and radiological mid-term results at five years’ follow-up and seems to be a reliable implant.


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