Pediatric Reports <p>The aim of <strong>Pediatric Reports</strong> is to provide to specialists involved in clinical practice, clinical and basic research, a forum for sharing the results of their research.<br>The journal covers all aspects of pediatrics, including subspecialties but also epidemiology and social issues related to public medicine for children and adolescents.</p> en-US <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Emanuela Fusinato) (Tiziano Taccini) Thu, 23 May 2019 08:42:38 +0200 OJS 60 Traumatic perineal injury in a 13-year-old female: Case report and review of the literature <p>Traumatic perineal injury in children is a rather underestimated condition, in terms of occurrence. The rapid stretching of the soft perineal environment, combined with the surrounding osseous tissue of the pelvis, can cause severe injuries. The key to successful management of these injuries includes timely resuscitation, thorough physical examination and quick and safe repair of damages.</p> Dimitrios Godosis, Christos Kaselas, Charikleia Demiri, Kleanthis Anastasiadis, Theodora Tsiaprazi, Ioannis Spyridakis ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jun 2019 15:59:51 +0200 Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation presend nodulartransformation presenting witha bdominal hemorrhage: First report in infancy <p>A limited number of sclerosing Angiomatoid Nodular Transformation (SANT) have been reported in pediatric age. We describe the first case of SANT occurring in a nine-week-old female infant that was admitted to our unit for severe abdominal distension and rectal bleeding. Enlarged spleen was detected on physical examination. Laboratory investigations revealed severe anemia and coagulation abnormalities. Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography revealed ascites and splenomegaly with a large mass at the lower medial splenic pole. A diagnosis of intraabdominal hemorrhage was presumed and an exploratory laparotomy was performed. A complete transformation of the giant splenomegaly to bossellated masses and multiple bleeding capsular ruptures without subcapsular hematoma were found and an urgent splenectomy was performed. At histology, a SANT was diagnosed (CD34, CD31, CD8 positivity). The postoperative follow up was uneventful. SANT may also occur in infancy with a potentially lifethreatening presentation. Splenectomy may represent the only treatment in severe cases.</p> Gloria Pelizzo, Vincenzo Villanacci, Luisa Lorenzi, Orietta Doria, Anna Maria Caruso, Vincenza Girgenti, Elettra Unti, Laura Putignano, Gabrio Bassotti, Valeria Calcaterra ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 May 2019 09:03:02 +0200 Special-needs patients in pediatric dentistry: Progeroid syndrome. A case of dental management and oral rehabilitation <p>This report presents a case of an eight-year-old girl affected by a progeroid syndrome of unclear genetic origins. The patient’s dental history included oligodontia, premature deciduous exfoliation and roots abnormalities. She was treated with comprehensive oral rehabilitation using dentures. Oral health instructions were given during the whole treatment and follow-up period. The goal of improving the masticatory function and the esthetic was achieved, allowing the patient to increase her social abilities and self-confidence.</p> Maria Grazia Cagetti, Nicole Camoni, Flavia Cetraro, Massimo Scanferla, Giacomo Maria Moretti ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 May 2019 08:57:09 +0200 A randomized controlled trial of zinc supplementation in the treatment of acute respiratory tract infection in Thai children <p>Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (ALRI) are one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in young children. Zinc supplementation has been shown to have a preventive effect against respiratory infections, but little evidence is available on its effect on the treatment of ALRI. This study examined the effect of zinc supplementation on the treatment outcome in children that were hospitalized with ALRI. A randomized, doubleblinded, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 64 hospitalized children with ALRI, who were aged between 2 and 60 months. Children were randomly allocated to receive zinc (30 mg elemental zinc/day) or placebo. The primary outcome was the time to the cessation of ALRI, while the secondary outcomes were the length of the stay in hospital and the individual features of the disease. The study found that ALRI cessation was faster in children who received zinc supplementation (median (IQR): 3 (2-4) days and 4 (3-5) days, respectively; P=0.008), and that their hospital stay was shorter (mean (SD): 3.8 (1.3) days and 6.1 (3.2) days, respectively; P&lt;0.001) than the placebo group. Zinc supplementation was well-tolerated, and no adverse events were reported. In conclusion, zinc supplementation reduced the number of days of ALRI in Thai children, as well as their stay in hospital.</p> Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol, Lakkana Rerksuppaphol ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 May 2019 08:50:11 +0200 Study of NT-pro-BNP and Hs-Troponin I biomarkers for early detection of children’s heart function of protein-energy malnutrition <p>The Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is the condition of a lack of carbohydrate and protein stores in the body that trigger chronic failure nutrient intake and body maintenance function caused to impact the heart functions. The NT-pro-BNP and Hs- Troponin I proteins were found as the indicator of cardiac dysfunction. The sixty subjects of PEM, analyzed by standard of Indonesia Healt Ministry as well as nutritional status. The blood electrolytes examined by laboratory assay and the levels of Hs-Troponin 1 and NT-Pro-BNP were analyzed by Immune-Chromatography method. Assessing of the ventricular mass with the seeing the peak of the diastolic flow rate of left ventricular that estimated by the curve of the receiver operating characteristic and the area under the curve (P&lt;0.05). The result has shown that the PEM decreased in the left ventricular mass for impaired heart function and systolic disorder. The Hs- Troponin I (90.9%) has better sensitivity than NT-pro-BNP (85.5%) if the merger of those markers possesses the lowest sensitivity (81.8%). These proteins have good biomarkers in heart function, mainly in cases where PEM is present.</p> Herlina Dimiati, Abdus Samik Wahab, Mohammad Juffrie, Madarina Julia, Basri A. Gani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 May 2019 08:42:04 +0200