Prevalence of pathological conditions causing skin damage and consequently reducing its market value in domestic ruminants of Punjab, Pakistan

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Zafar I. Chaudhry *
Aga Saiddain
Naveed Sabir
Naeem A. Malik
Sahan Azeem
Abdul Sajid
(*) Corresponding Author:
Zafar I. Chaudhry | zafar1949@yahoo.com

Abstract

Data regarding the prevalence of skin diseases reducing the market value of skins and hides and ultimately refined leather were not available in Pakistan. The current study was conducted in the hide/skin markets and abattoirs of Lahore and Faisalabad and tanneries of Sheikhupura, Kasur and Sialkot. The record of various skin diseases and conditions damaging the skin/hide of cattle, goat and sheep was made. Lesions, extent and type of damage were recorded. A total of 21,671 skins / hides were examined out of which 3918 of skins and 600 hides were examined at the abattoirs of Lahore and Faisalabad, 6784 Skins and 1399 hides at hide markets and 8091 skins and 879 hides at tanneries. Out of total 21,671 skins / hides, 66.12% were normal and 33.88% were having some sort of damage. The data were gathered on questionnaire sheets. The prevalence of skin diseases was assessed through Strata V.9 software program. The correlation of the disease and area was analyzed by the chi-square. The prevalence of various diseases and damages due to mal-management in sheep, goats and cattle has been discussed in detail. The damages in goat skins were significantly less as compared with cattle and sheep. However, the type of defects and severity varied amongst various ruminants studied. The most common damages observed, overall in all species studied were atrophy of skin (Thin skin) 6.38%, followed in descending order observed was lesions of wounds 4.94%, old lesions of pox 4.82%, flaying cuts 3.17%, tick infestation 3.08%, lesions caused by mites infestation 2.45%, scratches 2.33%, lesions caused by warble fly larvae 1.47%, decomposition 1.32%, charr (fibrosis) 1.28%, ringworm infection 1.10%, extensive soiling by dung 0.84%, chronic abscesses 0.46%, and Lice infestation 0.17%.

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Author Biographies

Zafar I. Chaudhry, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences

Aga Saiddain, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences

Naveed Sabir, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences

Naeem A. Malik, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences

Sahan Azeem, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences

Abdul Sajid, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-Pakistan

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences