Factors associated with the severity of pruritus in patients with terminal chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis in Lima, Peru

  • Stefano Kossuth Cabrejos Dermatology Department, Clínica San Felipe, Peru.
  • Wilmer Silva-Caso | gian_will@hotmail.com Research and Innovation Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Instituto de Investigación Nutricional; Comité del Médico Joven - Consejo Nacional, Colegio Médico del Perú, Lima, Peru.
  • Arquímedes M. Gavino Gutierrez Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), Lima, Peru.

Abstract

The objective of the study is to analyze the factors associated with the severity of pruritus in patients with terminal chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. The methodology used is based on a cross-sectional study in patients receiving hemodialysis at the Centro Nacional de Salud Renal. Severe pruritus was defined as a score on the visual analogue scale greater than or equal to 7, and the strength of association with the possible risk factors was assessed by calculating prevalence ratios. Regarding the results, 264 patients were included, 59.9% were male, with a mean time on hemodialysis of 10.26 ± 7.14 years. 75% experienced pruritus, of this group, 1 in 3 presented severe pruritus. Hyperphosphatemia and the use of antihistamines were associated with a higher prevalence of severe pruritus (RP 1.71, 95% CI 1.09-267 and RP 2.39, 95% CI 1.51-3.75, respectively). The positive serology for Hepatitis C Virus was described as a protective factor for presenting severe pruritus (RP 0.55, 95% CI 0.33 - 0.89). In conclusion, severe uremic pruritus is a frequent problem in patients with chronic terminal kidney disease who have hyperphosphatemia and treatment with antihistamines independently of the time they have been on hemodialysis.

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Published
2020-06-23
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Keywords:
Pruritus, Dialysis, Chronic Renal Failure
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How to Cite
Kossuth Cabrejos, S., Silva-Caso, W., & Gavino Gutierrez, A. M. (2020). Factors associated with the severity of pruritus in patients with terminal chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis in Lima, Peru. Dermatology Reports, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/dr.2019.8310